Microprocessor developed by IIT-M can be used in many end-user application devices such as consumer electronic devices, mobile computing devices
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M) launched first indigenously designed and fabricated microprocessor. This microprocessor can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems and networking systems. Launch of this natively developed microprocessor may reduce the import of microprocessors in Communications and Defence Sectors in the future.
The microprocessor launched belongs to “SHAKTI” family and was designed at Semi-Conductor Laboratory of Indian Space Research Organizations (ISRO) in Chandigarh, making it the first ‘RISC V Microprocessor’ which is completely made in India.
Complying with the International Standards this microprocessors can also be used by others, claimed by IIT-M researchers.
SHAKTI processor family targets clock speeds to suit various end-user application devices such as various consumer electronic devices, mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems and networking systems, among others, said IIT Madras.
According to the quoted statement, the other significant aspect of following an indigenous design, development and fabricating approach is to minimize the risk of deploying systems that may be infected with back-doors and hardware Trojans. This development is assumed as a huge significant achievement, when systems based on SHAKTI processors are adopted by strategic sectors such as defence, nuclear power installations and Government Agencies and Departments.
“With the advent of Digital India there are several applications that require customisable processor cores. The 180nm fabrication facility at SCL Chandigarh is crucial in getting these cores manufacturers within our Country,” lead researcher Prof Kamakoti Veezhinathan, Reconfigurable Intelligent Systems Engineering (RISE) Laboratory, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Madras said while speaking about the significance of this development.
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India, funded this project.
According to IIT Madras, developing first indigenous microprocessor will take India to the next level of achievement by attaining independence in designing, developing and fabricating end-to-end systems within the country, leading to self-sufficiency
In July 2018, an initial batch of 300 chips, named RISECREEK was produced under Project SHAKTI, that were fabricated at the Multinational Chip Manufacturer Intel’s facility at Oregon, U.S., that successfully booted the Linux operating system. Now, the fabrication has been done in India.