Dedicated 9-core Processor Chip For Self-driving Cars


ETRI has developed a processor for self-driving cars that combines high computing power (with 9 cores), power efficiency (~1 watt), a tiny form factor (smaller than the size of a nail head), as well as safety mechanisms to ensure reliability for automotive applications.

A wide range of applications has been demonstrated on Aldebaran5. These include real-time pedestrian and vehicle recognition, lane detection/warning/keeping system, ultra high definition black box functionality (dash cam), interfacing and processing of various sensor data (radar, GPS, etc) and vehicle maneuvering via CAN bus ctonrol, among others.

The chip offers improvements over its predecessor. Nine cores provide ample computing power, 4 of which are dynamically programmable to operate for performance or for reliability.

Safety features ensure reliability with 99% detection coverage of faults and malfunctions and include recovery mechanisms to mitigate potential negative effects, the company said.

Other features on the chip are dedicated custom-designed acceleration circuitry for image recognition and HEVC (high-efficiency video coding), CAN bus communication hardware, and image signal processor (ISP).

Further work to integrate neural network acceleration hardware will provide artificial intelligence capabilities, which is expected to be announced within the year.

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