InGaAs Used For 3D NAND Flash Improves Drive Current


Imec showed at IEDM the integration of high mobility InGaAs as a channel material for 3D vertical NAND memory devices formed in the plug (holes) with the diameter down to 45nm.

The new channel material improves transconductance (gm) and read current which is crucial to enable further VNAND cost reduction by adding additional layers in 3D vertical architecture.

Conventional planar NAND flash memory technology suffered from severe cell to cell interferences and read noise due to aggressively scaled dimensions. Non-volatile 3D NAND flash memory is used to overcome the scaling issues in planar NAND flash memory.


However, featuring a poly-Si channel, the current 3D NAND devices are characterised by drive current that will linearly decrease with the number of memory layers, which is not sustainable for long-term scaling. This is because the conduction in the poly-silicon channel material is ruled by grain size distribution and hampered by scattering at the grain boundaries and charged defects.

Imec replaced the poly-Si channel material with InGaAs through a gate first-channel last approach to boost the drive current in the channel. The channel was formed by metal organic vapor phase epitaxy (MOVPE) showing good III-V growth selectivity to silicon and holes filling properties down to 45nm.

The resulting III-V devices proved to outperform the poly-Si devices in terms of on-state current (ION) and transconductance (gm), without degrading memory characteristics such as programming, erase and endurance.

“We are extremely pleased with these results, as they provide critical knowledge of Flash memory operations with a III-V channel as well as of the III-V interface with the memory stack,” stated An Steegen, Senior Vice president Process Technology at imec.

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“While these results are shown on full channels, they are an important stepping stone to develop industry-compatible macaroni-type III V channels.”

Imec’s research into advanced memory is performed in cooperation with imec’s key partners in its core CMOS programs including Samsung, Micron-Intel, Toshiba-Sandisk, SK Hynix, TSMC, GlobalFoundries.




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